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GASTROENTEROLOGY

GASTROENTEROLOGY

GASTROENTEROLOGY

Overview:

Gastroenterology is a specialty in medicine that deals with the diseases and conditions of the gastrointestinal systems. The Department of Gastroenterology at Apex group of Hospitals has experienced and very well qualified medical gastroenterologists, who are diagnosing the rarest abdominal diseases at the earliest time and providing relief to the patients. Gastroenterology Department is well equipped with one of the most advanced Endoscopic equipment, Olympus. The routine procedures done (both diagnostic and therapeutic) includes, but not limited to, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, Colonoscopy and ERCP.

Various gastro-intestinal diseases are taken care of at Apex including the following:

    • Mal-absorption syndrome
    • Gastrointestinal bleeding
    • Irritable bowel diseases
    • Constipation
    • Diarrhea
    • Peptic ulcer
    • Foreign body in oesophagus

 

Symptoms:

      • Pain, cramp, swelling, lump or gas in abdomen
      • Diarrhoea or constipation
      • Blood or worms in stool
      • Acidity
      • Nausea or vomiting
      • Difficulty or painful swallowing
      • Loss of appetite
      • Excessive weight loss
      • Icterus (yellowish discolouration of skin)
      • Anemia (Paleness)

Treatment Services:

    • Upper GI Endoscopy
    • Colonoscopy
    • Emergency endoscopy for GI bleeds
    • Therapeutic endoscopy
    • ERCP
    • Interventional GI radiology

 

 

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS):

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects the large intestine. Signs and symptoms include abdominal cramping disccomfort, abdominal pain, bloating, gas or flatulence, and altered bowel in the form of diarrhea or constipation, or both. IBS is a chronic condition that needs long term followup.

Some people may be able to control their symptoms by managing their diet, improving their lifestyle and with measures to reduce stress.
Severe symptoms can be treated with medication and counseling.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD):

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), is a disorder which affects the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), which lies between the esophagus and stomach. GERD can cause heartburn or acid indigestion. Some people have hiatus hernia due to which they may suffer from GERD. In most cases, GERD can be relieved through dietary modification and lifestyle changes, but if the symptoms are not well controlled, some people may need medication, or else surgery, more so for hiatus hernia.

Liver Cirrhosis:

Cirrhosis is a late stage of chronic liver disease in which the normal liver is replaced by scarred liver with regenerative nodules. It is the end result of chronic hepatitis,chronic alcohol related liver disease and few other chronic liver diseases.

As cirrhosis advances, the liver can get decompensated leading to life threatening complications. Liver transplantation is one of the feasible solutions for end-stage liver disease.

OUR DEPARTMENT:

The Department of Gastroenterology has experienced and very well qualified medical gastroenterologists, who are diagnosing the rarest abdominal diseases at the earliest time and providing relief to the patients. Gastroenterology Department is well equipped with one of the most advanced Endoscopic equipment. The routine procedures done (both diagnostic and therapeutic) includes, but not limited to, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, Colonoscopy and ERCP.

The department offers:

  • Consultation offered to dyspepsia, heartburn and all abdominal disorders
  • Special Clinics for Jaundice and liver problems
  • Hi-tech Endoscopy suites and emergency endoscopy
  • Special clinics for H pylori, diagnosis and treatment
  • Fully supported by radiological and lab investigation

SALIENT FEATURES OF THE SURGICAL UNIT:

Therapeutic endoscopic work includes:

  • Treatment of GI (gastro-intestinal) bleed Variceal banding
  • Polypectomies
  • Endoscopic Mucosal Resection(EMR)
  • Balloon dilatation of strictures and achalasia
  • Foreign body removal
  • GI (gastro-intestinal) stenting
  • Biliary procedures
  • Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement
  • Feeding tube placement

 

Procedures performed at Apex include:

  • Colonoscopy & Sigmoidoscopy
  • Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
  • Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)
  • Endoscopic Mucosal Resection (EMR)
  • Endoscopic therapies for Barrett’s esophagus (BARRX)
  • Liver Biopsy
  • Chromoendoscopy
  • Magnification endoscopy

FAQ’s

Who is a gastroenterologist?

Gastroenterologists diagnose and treat disorders of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and liver. The GI tract includes organs from the mouth to the anus.

What does a gastroenterologist treat?

Gastroenterologists treat a variety of conditions that affect the GI system, including IBS, celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, hepatitis C, acid reflux, hemorrhoids, jaundice, pancreatitis, GI cancers, etc

What are the symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders?

Some of the symptoms of GI disorders are bloating, incontinence, heartburn, nausea, blood in the stools, etc. The symptoms depend on the condition the patient suffers from.

When should I consult a gastroenterologist?

Visit the gastroenterologist immediately if you have persistent or worsening bowel problems, blood in the stool, have abdominal pain, or have trouble swallowing.

Does the gastroenterologist treat liver problems?

Yes, the gastroenterologist is trained to treat liver problems, such as hepatitis C, liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, etc. However, hepatologists are specialized to treat conditions relevant to liver. Thus, a gastroenterologist may refer patients to a hepatologist for areas beyond their expertise.

Does the gastroenterologist treat colon cancer?

Yes, gastroenterologists treat colon cancer. They are trained to perform colonoscopy and can provide treatment for colorectal cancer as well. You may further be referred to medical or surgical oncologist for further cancer care.

Does the gastroenterologist perform colonoscopy?

Yes, the gastroenterologist performs colonoscopy in order to diagnose and treat gastrointestinal disorders.

What are the common tests requested by a gastroenterologist?

In order to accurately diagnose the disease, the gastroenterologist may request tests such as colonoscopy, endoscopy, liver biopsy, ultrasound, CT scan of the liver and biliary tract, etc.

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