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13 Oct 2023

Crack the Code For a Balanced Diet Exploring Macronutrient Essential

A balanced diet contains an adequate amount of all the nutrients required by the body to grow, remain healthy and be disease-free. A balanced diet can be achieved by carefully selecting and Combining food items from different food groups.
A balanced diet pyramid is a pictorial representation of all the food items a person requires daily. The food items are arranged in ascending order according to their quantity of intake.
The food to be eaten in a heavier quantity is placed at the bottom of the pyramid and food items that are eaten in the least amount are present at the top of the pyramid.

The seven Essential components of a Balanced Diet are proteins, carbohydrates fats or lipids micronutrients such as Vitamins, minerals & water. Macronutrients. are the nutrients that your body needs in large amounts, which include fat, Carbohydrates and protein.



Carbohydrates are nutrients that are the main source of energy for the body. Carbohydrate supply Four calories of energy per gram of food & should make up 45-65% of your diet. These macronutrients include sugar, jaggery, honey, etc.
Cereals, pulses, roots and tubers like potatoes Sweet potatoes, beetroot & yam are
very rich sources of carbohydrates. Fruits especially bananas, mangoes,
pineapple and grapes are also good sources of carbohydrates


Function of carbohydrates:

Providing energy & regulation of blood glucose.
Sparing the use of proteins for energy ·
Breakdown of fatty acids to prevent Ketosis
Flavour & Sweeteners
Dietary Fibre
Deficiency or Lack of Carbohydrates in the diet leads to being underweight, tiredness and poor work efficiency.
Excess of carbohydrates in the diet leads to the risk of being overweight. This in turn can be one of the causes of other diseases like diabetes, high blood pressure etc.



Proteins are the building blocks of life. Protein is a nutrient your body needs to grow and repair cells and to work properly. Proteins are made up of smaller units called amino acids which are attached to one another in long chains. There are different type 20 different types of amino acids that can be combined to make a protein.
Protein is obtained from the following two sources:
Animal protein sources are milk, egg, meat, Fish, Poultry & milk products like cheese, curd, khao etc.
Vegetable protein sources are pulses, paneer, soybean, nuts and oil seeds like, peanuts, almonds, cashew nuts etc. cereal pulse combinations like khichadi, dosa, missi roti (wheat flour + besan), idli etc.
Function of proteins
For growth and maintenance
Regulation of body processes
Sources of energy
Protein deficiency in children can lead to kwashiorkor.



Fats and oil belong to a group of compounds called lipids are concentrated sources of energy in our diet. Fats are obtained from vegetables as well as animal sources. Vegetable sources are extracted from oil seeds and nuts such as ground nut, mustard sesame, soybean, cottonseed and coconut.
Animal sources are milk, egg yolk, and fats like ghee, butter, cream, fish liner oils etc.
The function of fats:
Source of energy
Carrier of fat-soluble vitamins like A, D, E, and K
A deficiency of fat leads to tiredness, reduced work efficiency and being underweight whereas overconsumption can lead to one being overweight


Bottom line:

Understanding the importance of macronutrients is crucial in achieving a balanced diet and maintaining optimal health. By recognizing the roles that carbohydrates, proteins, and fats play in our bodies, we are better equipped to make informed choices about what we eat. Incorporating a variety of food sources for each macronutrient can help ensure that we are getting all the necessary nutrients and energy our bodies need. However, it is important to remember that balance is key – excessive consumption or restriction of any macronutrient can have negative consequences on our health. So let’s crack the code for a balanced diet by embracing a diverse range of foods and making conscious decisions about what we put on our plates.

30 Aug 2023


(PHYSIOTHERAPY) During pregnancy, a woman’s body experiences various hormonal shifts that can result in a range of physical discomforts. These bodily pains and aches are completely normal and can be alleviated with the help of physiotherapy. Therefore significance of antenatal and postnatal physiotherapy cannot be overstated as it caters comprehensively to the primary healthcare needs of women by offering enhanced treatment across all aspects of their well-being. By providing care during and after childbirth, effectively mitigates a wide range of potential complications.

Often overlooked or undervalued, physiotherapy plays a pivotal role in facilitating the recovery of muscular and ligamentous tissues post-pregnancy. Through diligent monitoring, assessment, and treatment approaches, pelvic floor physiotherapists significantly contribute to positive pregnancy outcomes. Additionally, by addressing physical and emotional instability as well as reducing anxiety and stress levels among expectant mothers through various interventions, physiotherapy promotes successful pregnancies with improved maternal health.


Here’s an overview of the significant roles of physiotherapy in both stages:

Antenatal Care:

Pain Management: Pregnant women often experience musculoskeletal pain, particularly in the lower back, pelvis, and hips. Physiotherapists can provide exercises and techniques to alleviate pain and improve comfort.

Posture Improvement: Physiotherapists teach proper body mechanics and posture to prevent back and neck strain during pregnancy, as the body undergoes significant changes in weight distribution.

Core and Pelvic Floor Strengthening: Strengthening exercises for the core and pelvic floor muscles help support the growing uterus, reduce incontinence issues, and facilitate easier labour and delivery.

Breathing Techniques: Proper breathing techniques can assist with relaxation and pain management during labour.

Education: Physiotherapists provide education on safe exercise and activity during pregnancy, as well as advice on managing common pregnancy-related conditions like gestational diabetes and hypertension.


Post-Natal Care:

Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation: Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in rehabilitating the pelvic floor muscles, which can become weakened or damaged during childbirth. This helps with bladder and bowel control and can prevent or treat pelvic organ prolapse.

Diastasis Recti Treatment: Abdominal separation (diastasis recti) is common after childbirth. Physiotherapists can provide exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles and close the gap.

Recovery from Cesarean Section: Physiotherapy aids in the recovery of abdominal strength and mobility after a C-section, addressing scar tissue and preventing complications.

Back and Neck Pain Relief: New mothers often experience back and neck pain due to breastfeeding, carrying the baby, and poor posture. Physiotherapy techniques and exercises can help alleviate these issues.

Restoring Mobility: Physiotherapists work on improving overall mobility, including joint flexibility and muscle strength, which can be affected by pregnancy and childbirth.

Emotional Support: Physiotherapists provide emotional support and guidance, as many new mothers experience postpartum depression and anxiety. Exercise can contribute to improved mental health.


Bottom line:

In both antenatal and post-natal care, physiotherapists customize treatment plans based on the individual needs and conditions of the mother. The goal is to promote a healthy pregnancy, ensure a smoother childbirth experience, and aid in the recovery and overall well-being of both mother and baby. Always consult with a healthcare professional or physiotherapist for personalized advice and care during pregnancy and the postpartum period

28 Aug 2023


An eye-opener, for your eye health!

(DIET) The eye is highly prone to oxidative stress because it consumes a large amount of oxygen, contains a high concentration of polyunsaturated fatty acids, and experiences cumulative exposure to intense visible light. This combination of factors results in the production of reactive oxygen species that can cause damage to ocular tissues. Consequently, there has been significant research focused on investigating the impact of dietary antioxidants and the potential therapeutic benefits offered by antioxidant vitamin and mineral supplements as a convenient and cost-effective strategy for preventing or controlling eye diseases.


Watch your diet to keep your eyes well!

Enhancing the diet with potent vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals can enhance vision and promote overall eye health. Studies have established a connection between eye-friendly nutrients such as lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamin C, vitamin E, and zinc in reducing the likelihood of serious eye ailments like age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. Conversely, an unhealthy diet comprised of heavily processed foods lacking in nutritional value may not supply sufficient nutrients to maintain optimal eye and vision health. In fact, research indicates that a high-fat diet consisting of processed foods could heighten the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
The most potent dietary hazards for the eyes are diet sodas, dehydration or simply not drinking enough water, high sodium or high salt diets, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus and refined carbohydrates.
And who knew taking care of your eyes could taste good too!


One can simply find these antioxidants in green leafy vegetables, fruits, nuts and a lot of other foods.

All eyes on these vitamins and nutrients! Look for the sources!
1. Lutein & Zeaxanthin
Numerous researches indicate that the consumption of lutein and zeaxanthin is associated with a decreased likelihood of chronic eye diseases. Individuals with higher intake of these nutrients exhibited a significantly reduced risk of developing new cataracts.
Dark green leafy vegetables are the primary source of lutein and zeaxanthin, as well as other colourful fruits and vegetables like broccoli, corn, peas, persimmons and tangerines.
2. Vitamin C
Scientific evidence suggests vitamin C lowers the risk of developing cataracts and when taken in combination with other essential nutrients, it can slow the progression of age-related macular degeneration and visual acuity loss.
For the daily dose, try incorporating oranges, grapefruit, strawberries, papaya, green peppers and tomatoes into your diet.
3. Vitamin E
Vitamin E protects cells in the eyes from unstable molecules called free radicals, which break down healthy tissue.
Good food sources of Vitamin E include vegetable oils (including safflower and corn oil), nuts, wheat germ and sweet potatoes.
4. Essential fatty acids
Omega-3 fatty acids are important for proper visual development and retinal function. They improve the ability to fight diseases as well as maintain healthy layers of the eye.
Salmon, tuna and other cold-water fish are the best sources of omega-3 fatty acids and can help reduce inflammation, enhance tear production and support the eye’s oily outer layer.
5. Zinc
Zinc plays a vital role in bringing vitamin A from the liver to the retina to produce melanin, a protective pigment in the eyes. Impaired vision, such as poor night vision and cloudy cataracts, has been linked to zinc deficiency.
Natural dietary sources of zinc, include red meat, oysters and other shellfish, and nuts and seeds.


Takeaway points for you:

The link between our diet and the health of our eyes is undeniable. By nourishing our bodies with a well-balanced diet rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, we can significantly reduce the risk of developing eye-related diseases such as cataracts, macular degeneration, and dry eye syndrome. Incorporating foods like leafy greens, citrus fruits, fish, and nuts into our meals can provide us with the essential nutrients needed to maintain optimal eye health. Additionally, adopting healthy habits such as staying hydrated and limiting processed foods can further support our eye well-being. Let us remember that what we put on our plates directly impacts our vision.

28 Aug 2023


Childhood is a crucial period of growth and development, where every bite of food plays a vital role in shaping their future. As parents, caregivers, and educators, it is our responsibility to ensure that children receive the essential nutrients necessary for their overall health and well-being. From building strong bones and muscles to supporting brain development and immune function, this comprehensive list delves into the world of nutrition for child health, highlighting the top nutrients that are indispensable for optimal growth. By understanding these critical elements and incorporating them into their diets, we can pave the way for a healthy future generation. Let’s take a look at what are important nutrients that can help boost your child’s immunity:

1. Protein
Protein is an essential macronutrient required for children’s normal growth and development. It helps to build cells, break down food into energy, combat infection and carry oxygen to all the vital organs. Protein is the building block of the muscles, a diet adequate in protein supports to maintenance of muscle mass and promotes muscle growth.
Some of the food sources that contain vast reserves of protein include lean meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, pulses legumes and nuts.
2. Calcium
Calcium is one of the most important nutrients needed for normal growth and development for children. It is a vital mineral which is a prerequisite for the growth of healthy bones and skeletal development. Adequate calcium intake supports normal linear growth and makes one grow tall. Besides these, calcium also holds a significant role in the development and functioning of nerves, muscles and heart.
Food sources that are abundant in calcium include milk and milk products, cheese, yoghurt, kale, broccoli, okra, spinach, nuts, soybean and fish.
3. Iron
Iron is the most important mineral involved in the normal functioning of red blood cells which carries oxygen in the blood to all the cells. An adequate supply of iron is essential to fuel a child’s normal growth and development. Deficiency of iron may lead to anemia which may hinder the growth of children.
The best sources of iron include red meat, dark green leafy vegetables, nuts and dried fruits, beans, whole grain cereals, fortified cereals and seafood.

4. Vitamin C
Vitamin C is essentially required for the growth and repair of body tissues. Alongside, it holds a key role in other bodily functions such as collagen synthesis, absorption of iron from the diet, wound healing and maintenance of healthy bones. Being a potent antioxidant, vitamin C combats free radical damage builds a robust immune system and keeps infections at bay.
Food sources loaded with vitamin C are guava, oranges, lemon, grapefruit, amla, strawberries, kiwi, tomatoes, sweet potatoes, green leafy vegetables and broccoli.
5. Vitamin D
Vitamin D plays a crucial role in maintaining normal calcium and phosphorus levels in the blood. Thereby it supports to building of stronger bones and keeps the skeletal system stronger and healthier. Apart from this, vitamin D also helps in promoting the normal functioning of the brain and nervous system and triggers immunity.
Fish, egg yolks, mushrooms, soy milk, cheese, fortified orange juice and cereals are some of the sources plentiful in vitamin D.
6. Omega 3 fatty acids
Omega-3s are fatty acids that are integral to many aspects of child health, including fetal development, heart function and healthy immunity. Emerging research indicates that omega-3 fatty acids may improve brain function and mood in children — in particular, learning, memory, and brain development, along with improving sleep quality and reducing symptoms of ADHD. The three main types are alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).
ALA is present in a variety of plant foods, including vegetable oils, nuts, seeds, and certain vegetables. Yet, it isn’t active in your body, and your body only converts it into active forms, such as DHA and EPA, in very small amounts. Meanwhile, EPA and DHA occur naturally in fatty fish, such as salmon, mackerel, and tuna, and are widely available in supplements

Bottom line:
Ensuring that children receive the most essential nutrients is crucial for promoting their overall health and development. These nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, proteins, and fats, play a vital role in supporting various bodily functions and growth processes. From improving cognitive function to strengthening the immune system, a well-balanced diet rich in these nutrients can make a significant difference in a child’s well-being. Parents and caregivers should prioritize providing nutritious meals and snacks that incorporate a variety of food groups to ensure that children receive all the necessary nutrients. By doing so, we can help our children thrive and set them on a path towards lifelong health.

20 Feb 2023

Doctors At Apex Group Of Hospitals Successfully Complete First Ever Shockwave-Assisted Angioplasty

The first Shockwave Intravascular Lithotripsy (IVL) assisted complex angioplasty done by Dr Hemant Khemani and Dr Sagar Yesale in the ASH cath lab was successful.

Firstly let’s go through the process one by one to know what is this technique:

The Shockwave Intravascular Lithotripsy (IVL) System with the Shockwave C2 Coronary Intravascular Lithotripsy (IVL) Catheter includes the Shockwave C2 Coronary IVL Catheter, IVL Connector Cable, and IVL Generator. A tube-like device referred to as a balloon catheter contains integrated lithotripsy emitters, which can break down hard materials (calcification) that restrict blood flow to the heart.

What Happens during this process?

The doctor makes a small incision (incision) into the patient’s arm or leg in order to deliver the catheter into the cardiovascular system. 

The lithotripsy emitters at the end of the catheter apply pressure waves intended to break up the clots obstructing the heart’s blood vessels. This assists to open the blood vessels when a balloon is inflated (angioplasty). After using the Shockwave system, the physician will implant another device called an angioplasty balloon, which is a metal tube that helps keep the vessel open

When is this technique used and what are its possible outcomes?

The real question in your mind would be when is this technique used. Well! The Shockwave C2 Coronary IVL Catheter is used before implanting a stent, to open the arteries that supply blood to the heart (coronary arteries) that are narrowed or blocked due to calcification. The device allows for the opening of calcified arteries to allow stent implantation. In the clinical trial of 384 patients, 92% of them were able to receive the stent and survived without a heart attack or another procedure for 30 days. After one year, approximately 75% of patients survived without a heart attack or additional practice.